How to Teach your Child Addition Skills
One of the basic educational requirements for kids is good addition skills and helping your kids learn the concept of addition will place their academic future on firm footing. Most states have standards that aim for all first graders to know their addition and subtraction for sums up to 20. Before kids can master their addition sums, however, they need to understand the nature of adding. Kids are born differently so there is a need to teach each child in a manner that they will understand. This article aims at addressing the variety of teaching tools that can help you work successfully with your child or your classroom and make learning addition fun. They are;
COMBINATION OF GROUPS OF PHYSICAL OBJECTS: This process involves collecting different sets of objects and counting how many objects there are in total. For many, this method can be too involved, particularly for those students who present attention deficit disorder. The length of the process means that if your child does not master the concept quickly, they are not likely to make progress at all.
SIMPLE DRAWINGS: Drawings are a more useful alternative to the previous process. This process involved writing out the addition problem on a sheet of paper, and next to the first number, jot down the appropriate number of tallies. Then, ask your student to predict how many tallies you will need to draw by the other number in the problem. When they arrive at the correct answer, ask them to draw the tallies. To finish with, ask how many tallies they have drawn altogether. This procedure is a much easier way of bringing together two groups and is better suited to students with poor focus. It also encourages the child to connect what the written sum actually says and why they are drawing a certain number of tallies.
COUNTING ON: This technique is based on your child’s ability to say number names. This helps to connect the ideas of counting and addition, which is very powerful. This technique gets your child ready to use number squares and gives him or her confidence to answer problems in their mind. The method can also be made more difficult, by writing down the question and explaining that it is the same as the problem they have answered before. This will help your child to see addition and counting as fundamentally related and that the new problem is actually something they have encountered before.
PLAYING BOARD GAMES: This activity can be both a mathematical learning experience as well as a pleasant pastime. This technique involves using Games that require a counter to be moved around a board do a lot to encourage children to count on. If the board has numbers on it, the child is able to see that the action is similar to counting out numbers aloud, or using a number line. It is essential to draw their attention to the relationship between using board games and addition.
LEARNING NUMBER FACTS: This technique involves the use nursery songs that tell stories of number thereby improving your student’s knowledge of known number bonds. You can also create a set of flashcards with simple addition facts written on them, look at the cards one at a time, and ask the student for the answer. Encourage the child by giving a good deal of applause when they give the right answer. When they are confident, expand the number of facts. You can also use games as this will prevent your child perceiving addition as dull and build confidence.
How to Curb Bullying in Schools
Bullying remains one of the major problems in schools, with the number of students reportedly bullied gradually increasing since the 20th century. Cyber bullying has also become more widespread as a result of the various degrees of meanness has unleashed by the internet. Bullying in schools occurs in areas that are less supervised by adults, such as on the bus, in restrooms, hallways, in the cafeteria, and locker rooms. Recent studies show that bullying is one of the highly ranking factors that motivate suicide. The question now is how this treacherous act can be curbed in schools.
SCHOOL-LEVEL AND ADMINISTRATIVE INTERVENTIONS: One of the basic step schools should take is to create avenues to increase reporting of bullying cases. Schools should also establish a clear procedure to investigate reports of bullying cases. Trained supervisors and CCTVs should be placed at less supervised spots and schools should reduce the amount of time students spend unsupervised. It is also imperative to post signs prohibiting bullying and listing the consequences. Bullies should also be assigned to a particular location or to particular chores during release times. In addition, teachers should be provided with effective classroom-management training and schools must have legally required policies and measures for sexual, racial and gender discrimination.
TEACHER INTERVENTIONS: Teachers also have a huge role to play in classes to see that bullying is reduced to the minimum. They should create classroom activities and discussions associated with bullying, including the harm that it causes and strategies to reduce their incidence. Teachers should also involve students in establishing classroom rules against bullying and steps they can take if they see it happening. Teachers should teach cooperation by assigning projects that requires collaboration this will result in the students learning how to compromise and assert without demanding. When bullying is observed, teachers should take immediate action deal directly with the bully. Additional care should be taken to support and protect both the victim and the witnesses. It is also imperative not to challenge bullies in public as this might actually enhance their status and lead to further aggression.
STUDENTS ACTIONS: Students may not know what to do when they are the victims of bullying or when they notice a classmate being bullied. Classroom discussions and activities are one of the avenues for students to know the actions to be taken when they witness or experience such victimization. Students should be advised to seek immediate help from an adult and report bullying and victimization incidents to school personnel and to speak up and offer support to the victim of bullying. In addition, student should be trained to offer private support to those being hurt with words of kindness or condolence and express their disapproval of such act by not joining in the laughter, teasing, or spreading of rumors or gossip
PARENTS ACTION: Parents also have a huge role play in the minimization of bullying in schools. They should talk to their child about the incident, listen to them without interrupting and ensure that the story is validated. They should not downplay any complaints about bullying and deal with every incident consistently. Parents should get the details of the incidents (where the bullying took place, who was involved, how frequently, if anyone witnessed it) and contact the school. Parent should also utilize all the avenues to such as school board meetings and PTA to discuss bullying in schools.
In conclusion, addressing and curbing bullying requires the contribution of the school management, school teachers, parents, and students. Taking organized school wide actions and equipping individuals with the strategies to counteract such acts is the way to reduce the instances of bullying and be better prepared to address it when it happens.